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Assessing Woodfuel Supply and Demand to Support Affected Populations in Protracted Crises

Posted by: SAFE Administrator

Modified date: 10/23/2017

Assessing Woodfuel Supply and Demand to Support Affected Populations in Protracted Crises

Categories

Relevant sector: Nutrition, Food Security, Environment

Resource type: Document

Resource use: Needs Assessment & Analysis

Language of the document: English


Author

RĂ©mi D'Annunzio, Yelena Finegold, Arturo Gianvenuti, Matieu Henry, Andreas Thulstrup, Pieter Van Lierop, Xia Zuzhang

Organization

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

Description

The objective of this article is to present a methodology for assessing woodfuel supply and demand, which was tested in Shimelba refugee camp in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the available biomass for fuel (supply) and the consumption at a given point in time (demand) and then calculate whether the rate at which wood harvesting exceeded wood re-growth in the camp. Results indicated that forests and shrubs represented 36 and 34% of land area in 2000 and 2013 respectively. Aboveground biomass was 150, 51 and 27 t ha-1 in closed forest, open forest and shrubland respectively. In total, 9,800 t was lost between 2000 and 2013. Through on-site interviews, it was possible to estimate that 12 kg day-1 of fuelwood was consumed by each household for cooking and 6,840 t was extracted yearly. The results from the demand and supply analysis are consistent with the spatial analysis. It has been estimated that between 527 and 1,818 ha would need to be planted to avoid further degradation.

Year of publication

2015