UNHCR Improved Cookstove and Briquette Distribution in Burundi

Posted by: SAFE Administrator

Modified date: 11/06/2017

UNHCR Improved Cookstove and Briquette Distribution in Burundi


Technology field of reference: Cooking

Relevant sectors: Nutrition, Food Security, Protection, Environment, Early Recovery & Livelihoods

Population type: Refugee

Category of funders: Not Available

Project Description

Until October 2013, refugee camps were among the largest consumers of firewood for cooking fuel in Burundi. Firewood is now provided by UNHCR to refugees in camps, reducing the risks faced by women and girls as they ventured into unsafe territory to collect firewood or to produce charcoal. Unfortunately, continued distribution of firewood to all refugees will exceed the capacity of Burundi’s forests soon. The Burundian government has raised this issue with UNHCR, and has asked that its plans reflect environmental protection. UNHCR has begun to replace firewood with briquettes as a means of reducing deforestation and preventing tension with the host community. All households in the four camps, as well as health centers and police posts, receive and use briquettes. However, after attending a training in Rwanda hosted by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, the staff realized they needed to test both the stoves and the briquettes. Refugees still complain about excess smoke produced by the briquettes, when properly made briquettes should not increase indoor air pollution. A Kitchen Performance Test (KPT) is needed to test the stoves and improve the quality of both stoves and fuel to meet the fuel and energy objectives. Stoves built outside communal kitchens were often broken into by thieves. The total quantity of briquettes distributed to refugees each month in the four camps is 344,034 kg which cost 130,732,920 BIF (about $79,232 USD). In the current financial context, it will be a challenge to secure these funds. Further proposals should include a possibility of building briquette production units in or around camps as a form of income generating activity. This SAFE project also needs to include the host communities as direct beneficiaries to strengthen existing relationships between Burundians and refugees. The project took place in Bwagiriza Camp ID 5, Kavumu Camp ID 96, Kinama Camp ID 97, and Musasa Camp ID 4 in Cankuzo, Muyinga, Ruyigi of Burundi.


R.N.6, Muyinga, Burundi

Starting and ending date

From 11/06/2017 to 11/06/2017

Number of beneficiaries reached through energy related activites or interventions

5702 refugees

Cost of energy technology and/or fuel


Names of implementing partners

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), COPED, ECHO

Funding sources