Stove Distribution among IDPs in Sri Lanka

Posted by: SAFE Administrator

Modified date: 10/18/2017

Stove Distribution among IDPs in Sri Lanka


Technology field of reference: Cooking

Relevant sectors: Nutrition, Food Security, Protection, Environment

Population type: Internally Displaced People (IDPs), Other

Category of funders: Not Available

Project Description

WFP found that there was a major burden of firewood collection in some areas of Sri Lanka, and that there were adverse environmental impacts of cutting down trees to use for fuel in cooking. Furthermore, landmines were a protection concern during firewood collection. In response, WFP decided to distribute fuel-efficient stoves to 50,000 internally displaced (IDP) families. The project had 3 phases: 1) Distribution of stoves for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Menik Camp (2010 and 2011); 2) Installation of Institutional Stoves in Schools (2010 and 2011); 3) Skills Training in Northern Sri Lanka on stove production (2011 and 2012). Because the stoves are so portable they can be easily taken to resettlement sites and used there; however, the stoves are somewhat fragile because they are made of clay. The following benefits were found after stove distribution: (1) firewood collection has been reduced from daily to just twice a week; (2) decreased “burning problems” (fire hazard, unpredictable/uncontrollable temperature); (3) users can now cook with two pots at once; (4) reduced smoke and fire risk means that the stoves can be used closer to dwellings, under cover from the rain. The project initially planned to build one local production plant for clay stoves, but quick closure of the plant and issues with transportation of the stoves resulted in a lot of losses to the project. An FFT approach then followed to encourage the production of the clay stoves. The current constraint to the project is the limited availability of the right type of clay, which means fewer jobs were created than originally anticipated. The project took place in Menik Farm (IDP) Camp ID 66 in Vavuniya, Sri Lanka.

Technology or Technologies used

Anagi Stove


Starting and ending date

From 01/01/2010 to 01/01/2012

Number of beneficiaries reached through energy related activites or interventions

30504 IDPs, schoolchildren, and potters

Cost of energy technology and/or fuel


Names of implementing partners

World Food Programme (WFP)

Funding sources