Gaia CleanCook Stove and Ethanol Project for Refugees in Jijiga and Assosa

Posted by: SAFE Administrator

Modified date: 07/25/2018

Gaia CleanCook Stove and Ethanol Project for Refugees in Jijiga and Assosa


Technology field of reference: Cooking

Relevant sectors: Nutrition, Food Security, Health, Environment, Early Recovery & Livelihoods, Logistics

Population type: Refugee

Category of funders: Not Available

Project Description

Since 2005, the Gaia Association, as an implementing partner of UNHCR, has provided clean household energy to refugee camps through the Safe and Clean Household Energy program. Following an 18-month pilot project (2005-2006) with 300 households in the Kebribeyah settlement of Jijiga camp to assess the marketability and consumer acceptance of the CleanCook stoves and fuel, Gaia scaled up the project to include all three Jijiga settlements (Kebribeyah, Sheder, Awbarre) and the Sherkole settlement of Assosa camp. As of December 2015, the Gaia Association has supplied 7,023 stoves and more than three million liters of ethanol to the refugees, benefitting over 7,000 households and 40,842 people.

Ethanol fuel and clean cookstoves enhance the security of women and girls by eliminating the need to make dangerous fuelwood collection trips, which enables them to recoup opportunity costs and participate in income generating activities, attend school, or engage more fully in social life. Moreover, deforestation rates are slowed -- something especially significant in a country like Ethiopia, which is approximately 95% deforested -- thereby reducing conflict with host communities over competition for scarce resources.

One of the primary challenges of the project is ensuring a steady fuel supply. However, Eastern Africa holds significant promise in this regard, as the region produces a great deal of sugar and consequently molasses, which is a feedstock for ethanol. Project Gaia hopes that the regional market develops to allow ethanol to become a common source of household energy. Two recommendations came out of the pilot project from 2005-2006: the amount of ethanol distributed should be proportional to the size of the household, and supply of ethanol to the surrounding host populations should also be considered. The locations of this project were in Aw-barre Camp ID 25, Jijiga Camp ID 23, and Kebri Beyah Camp ID 26 in Asosa, Jijiga, and Somali Region in Ethiopia.


Regione dei Somali, Etiopia

Starting and ending date

From 07/25/2018 to 07/25/2018

Number of beneficiaries reached through energy related activites or interventions

The target beneficiaries of this project are 7000 refugee households. Ethiopia has the largest community of refugees in Africa. These primarily include Somali include refugees in the East, while most refugees in Asosa are South Sudanese.

Cost of energy technology and/or fuel


Names of implementing partners

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA), Gaia Association

Funding sources