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Alternative Fuels and Fuel Efficient Stoves for IDP Protection and Environmental Conservation in Darfur

Posted by: SAFE Administrator

Modified date: 10/18/2017

Alternative Fuels and Fuel Efficient Stoves for IDP Protection and Environmental Conservation in Darfur

Categories

Technology field of reference: Cooking

Relevant sectors: Nutrition, Food Security, Protection, Health, Environment, Early Recovery & Livelihoods

Population type: Internally Displaced People (IDPs)

Category of funders: Not Available


Project Description

The Sudanese Agency for Environment and Development (SAEDS), through funding from Oxfam America implemented the project with the overall goal of protecting internally displaced people (IDPs) from gender-based violence (GBV), improving IDP household food security, and protecting and rehabilitating the environment in the area. The project intended to test, on a small scale, the introduction of alternative fuel use, particularly kerosene and LPG, in the IDP camps in Darfur. Mud stoves and kerosene stoves were not particularly successful while LPG stoves were. More follow-up visits to homes were needed. SAEDS should have collected baseline data to be able to show change. Mud stoves did not work, because some recipient felt they did not save firewood, consumed the same amount of firewood as a 3-stone fire; generated a lot of smoke; and broke if water was mistakenly poured onto the stove. The distributed mud stoves also did not match the pot sizes used by households. Furthermore, many NGOs had already distributed mud stoves and women were already trained on its manufacture. The kerosene wick stoves were not effective because of the various reasons including that it was too small; it could not support large or heavy pots; It was only suitable for making hot drinks, tea, or cooking light meals, rice; the household could not buy firewood and kerosene on a daily basis (minimum SDD 100 to operate the wick stove). LPG was successful because of fast cooking time; no smoke at all; large monetary savings, SDD 400 per day compared to firewood (daily expenditure SDD 500). The issue with LPG was that households claimed difficulties of refilling empty LPG cylinders and some women feared the handling and use of LPG. Training provided was considered unsatisfactory to remove the fears. There was no filling station for LPG in Abushauk camp.

Location

Starting and ending date

From 01/01/2006 to 01/01/2007

Number of beneficiaries reached through energy related activites or interventions

4206 IDP households in the Abushauk camp, in which the beneficiaries include the total number of households that received improved mud stoves, kerosene wick stoves, or a set of the LPG system that included a cylinder and one-burner gas cooker. 4206 IDP households in the Abushauk camp, in which the beneficiaries include the total number of households that received improved mud stoves, kerosene wick stoves, or a set of the LPG system that included a cylinder and one-burner gas cooker. 4206 IDP households in the Abushauk camp, in which the beneficiaries include the total number of households that received improved mud stoves, kerosene wick stoves, or a set of the LPG system that included a cylinder and one-burner gas cooker.

Names of implementing partners

Oxfam America, Sudanese Agency for Environment and Development Services, SAEDS

Funding sources

Oxfam America